• Little girl feeding calf with bottle outside

    Importance of a Calf’s First Meal

    Colostrum is the first milk produced after a cow gives birth; it is a nutrient dense, immunoglobulin rich milk designed for the newborn calf.  Delivering that milk with care is the key to ensuring that a calf’s immune system (immature at birth) starts to develop.  Making certain that this first…

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    A Review of Kid Goat Nutrition

    Describing the pre-ruminant At birth, kid-goats are not yet functioning ruminants – the rumen develops over time. The newborn kid-goat has an omasum and abomasum that comprises 70% of their digestive system compared to the adult goat where the rumen and reticulum make up 70% of their digestive system (Figure…

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  • Feeding Jersey Calves

    General Recommendations: Always feed colostrum, the more the calf gets before 6 hours of birth the better o   Aim for 4 litres/quarts within 6 hours and then another 2 litres/quarts before 24 hours o  Colostrum can be fed for several days and there is some evidence that colostrum after 24…

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    Optimizing Your Calf Feeding Program

    The terms accelerated and enhanced have been used over the past 15 years to describe an increased plane of nutrition in calves. However, calves require that increased nutrition in order to optimize growth. Moreover, production objectives such as: decreasing age at first breeding, improving health status, and ultimately building a…

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    Automatic Calf Feeders & Group Housing

    Principles and Experience Producers have traditionally raised calves in individual pens or hutches. This rearing system has had advantages of individual feeding, observation and reduced risk of cross-contamination. It is however, still labour intensive. Dairy cattle are naturally group-living animals. Group-housed calves can enjoy an early social interaction and learn…

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    Calf Winter Feeding

    Understanding the basic concepts of growth helps improve calf and heifer management. Early postnatal growth is the most efficient time to develop skeletal growth, muscle growth, deposit protein and attain the highest feed efficiency. Mammary development can be enhanced by liquid (milk) feed intake prior to weaning (Brown et al,…

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    Pasteurization Pro’s and Con’s

    Heifers are the future profit earners of a milking herd. The largest cost inputs are feed and the number of day’s growth to achieve first calving. Raising healthy, strong calves must be a priority in maintaining herd profitability. In the last few years, larger calf raising units and more attention…

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    Grain-Fed Veal Producer Objectives

    Why Higher Protein? Capitalize on the rapid early growth potential of young calves. Meet the needs of the rapidly growing bone and muscle for protein. This encourages greater lean tissue deposition without excess fattening. Why Specific Protein : Fat Ratio? Provide the correct protein to fat ratio at these higher…

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    Grain-Fed Veal Program Research

    Ontario and Quebec dairy herds produce approximately 400,000 male calves annually. These calves are destined for several hundred veal producers.The goal of grain fed veal producers is to achieve the desired finish at the desired weight and age. The market-ready calf is typically 250-295kg at an age of 25-30 weeks.…

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    Veal Feeding Program with VG

    Product Profile A specifically formulated calf milk replacer for excellence in raising GRAIN VEAL CALVES. The Need Young Holstein bull calves require a quality milk replacer to ensure a healthy start. Young calves that have been transported are severally energy deficient and under stress. The best way to counteract these…

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    Enhanced Feeding Producer Objectives

    Why High Protein? Capitalize on the rapid early growth potential of young calves. Meet the needs of the rapidly growing bone and muscle for protein. This encourages greater lean tissue deposition and thus stature without excess fattening. Why Specific Protein:Fat Ratio? Provide the correct protein to fat ratio at these…

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    Enhanced Feeding Program Research

    Numerous studies, back as far as 1968, have examined the effects of feeding increased rates of milk or milk replacer to young calves. Recent developments in this area of heifer rearing have led to enhanced feeding programs. Conventional calf feeding offers milk replacer, of 18-22% protein and 15-22% fat, at…

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